Why This Book Is Useful The small boat building industry is still largely an art or craft, comprising many manufacturers of dozens of styles and sizes of boats. The overarching factor in all of their boat designs and features is dependence on the choice of materials and the compromises they engender. This book is arranged in five parts, covering seventy two topics. Woven through these topics are text and problem examples that describe the interaction of mechanics and materials applied specifically to small boats. These topics are intended for those wanting more depth in selected areas along the lines of a primer or to just cherry pick engineering concepts. A typical example is Part ll - Hydrostatics, shown below. Part ll - Hydrostatics 10) Fluid forces, principles and common terms 11) Definitions for fluid dynamics 12) Important relationships and equations 13) Fluid pressure 14) Pressure and Pascals Law 15) Calculate the maximum height of a water column in an evacuated standpipe 16) Calculate the pressure a small boat exerts on the water surface 17) Bad weather 18) Calculate the percent drop in air pressure during an atmospheric low 19) Calculate the wind speed from an atmospheric low 20) Buoyancy 21) Buoyancy using Archimedes Principle 22) Pressure under the boat 23) Swamping over the stern with people on board 24) Center of gravity 25) Capsizing 26) Wave action, capsizing force diagrams 27) Surface tension and wetting angle 28) Capillary force This book is a must for your nautical library, if you are among the millions of people involved with watercraft. Boat Builders Boat buyers Insurers Boat designers Informed sportsmen Marine surveyors Boat repairers Boating journals Accidentreconstructionist Materials vendors Sailors everywhere Watercraft safety officers Engineers Marina Planners Coast Guardsmen
Sustainability is becoming more and more important in our everyday lives and this book is a non-exhaustive look at materials and how they relate to sustainability. This concerns not only the elements that could be in short supply in the near future, such as phosphorus, helium, some rare earths and platinum metals, but also the pollutants such as carbon dioxide and methane which are being produced in sufficiently large quantities to be a threat to our lives on Earth. Covering fives themes in twenty five chapters, one of the great advantages of this book is that the chapters have been written by scientists or engineers who are experts in their field and include up-to-date statistics, recent research, and references to the latest work. The book includes chapters concerning chemicals and materials that might soon be required in large quantities to help create a more sustainable way of life. These include: biomass needed to manufacture plastics; special compounds and membranes for water purification, water-splitting, photovoltaic cells, batteries and fuel cells; and special materials for buildings, glass technologies and for storing hydrogen. Aimed at industrialists and investors; policy makers in local and central governments; students, teachers, scientists and engineers working in the field; and finally editors, journalists and the general public who need information on the increasingly popular concepts of sustainable living, this book provides current information and points the way forward for new developments.
This new edition provides a detailed reference source of the use in residential buildings of materials known or suspected to harm health and the environment. Alternative materials are evaluated using unique data sheets which compare environmental impact, cost, health, safety and technical performance providing building and construction professionals and other practitioners with the facts they need to make the right selection.
From the Introductory.
This book is the proceedings of an international workshop on Functionally Graded Materials in the 21st Century: A Workshop on Trends and Forecasts', which was held on March 26-28, 2000, in Tsukuba, Japan. In a Functionally Graded Material (FGM), which is a kind of advanced composite materials, the composition and structure change gradually over volume, resulting in corresponding changes in the properties of the material. By applying the possibilities inherent in the concept of FGM, it is anticipated that materials will be improved and new functions for them will be also created. A comprehensive description of status of the art and perspectives, modeling and simulation, processing and system, characterization of properties as well as applications of FGMs is covered in this book. In the simplest FGMs, two different material ingredients change gradually from one to the other. Discontinuous changes such as a stepwise gradation of the material ingredients can also be considered a FGM. The most familiar FGM is compositionally graded from a metal to a refractory ceramic. It can incorporate incompatible functions such as the high toughness, high strength, machinability and bonding capability of metals and the heat, wear and oxidation resistance of ceramics without severe internal thermal stress.
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