The unique and practical Materials Handbook (third edition) provides quick and easy access to the physical and chemical properties of very many classes of materials. Its coverage has been expanded to include whole new families of materials such as minor metals, ferroalloys, nuclear materials, food, natural oils, fats, resins, and waxes. Many of the existing families-notably the metals, gases, liquids, minerals, rocks, soils, polymers, and fuels-are broadened and refined with new material and up-to-date information. Several of the larger tables of data are expanded and new ones added. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of common industrial materials in each class. After a chapter introducing some general properties of materials, each of twenty classes of materials receives attention in its own chapter. The health and safety issues connected with the use and handling of industrial materials are included. Detailed appendices provide additional information on subjects as diverse as astronomical data, crystallography, spectroscopy, thermochemical data, analytical chemistry, corrosion resistance, and economic data for industrial and hazardous materials. Specific further reading sections and a general bibliography round out this comprehensive guide. The index and tabular format of the book makes light work of extracting what the reader needs to know from the wealth of factual information within these covers. Dr. Francois Cardarelli has spent many years compiling and editing materials data. His professional expertise and experience combine to make this handbook an indispensable reference tool for scientists and engineers working in numerous fields ranging from chemical to nuclear engineering. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of common industrial materials in each class. After a chapter introducing some general properties of materials, materials are classified as follows * ferrous metals and their alloys; * ferroalloys; * common nonferrous metals; * less common metals; * minor metals; * semiconductors and superconductors; * magnetic materials; * insulators and dielectrics; * miscellaneous electrical materials; * ceramics, refractories and glasses; * polymers and elastomers; * minerals, ores and gemstones; * rocks and meteorites; * soils and fertilizers; * cements, concrete, building stones and construction materials; * timbers and woods; * fuels, propellants and explosives; * composite materials; * gases; * liquids; * food, oils, resin and waxes; * nuclear materials.
Sustainability is becoming more and more important in our everyday lives and this book is a non-exhaustive look at materials and how they relate to sustainability. This concerns not only the elements that could be in short supply in the near future, such as phosphorus, helium, some rare earths and platinum metals, but also the pollutants such as carbon dioxide and methane which are being produced in sufficiently large quantities to be a threat to our lives on Earth. Covering fives themes in twenty five chapters, one of the great advantages of this book is that the chapters have been written by scientists or engineers who are experts in their field and include up-to-date statistics, recent research, and references to the latest work. The book includes chapters concerning chemicals and materials that might soon be required in large quantities to help create a more sustainable way of life. These include: biomass needed to manufacture plastics; special compounds and membranes for water purification, water-splitting, photovoltaic cells, batteries and fuel cells; and special materials for buildings, glass technologies and for storing hydrogen. Aimed at industrialists and investors; policy makers in local and central governments; students, teachers, scientists and engineers working in the field; and finally editors, journalists and the general public who need information on the increasingly popular concepts of sustainable living, this book provides current information and points the way forward for new developments.
ADRIANO DE MAIO IReR President This publication originated from the workshop on "Control and risk prevention of dangerous materials and crisis management" that took place in Sofia, Bulgaria, in March 2009. The basic idea is that international scientific cooperation can effectively contribute to security, stability and solidarity among nations, through increased collaboration, networking and capacity-building and supporting democratic growth and economic development in Partner Countries. We are all facing new needs and threats, deriving from a world changing constantly its social, political and economic dimension and, for this reason, the international dialogue through civil science represents a way forward to comm- ment to global common issues. In fact, the Lombardy Regional Institute for Research has developed some international activities aiming at establishing networks of scientists and experts in defined areas and subjects. Through one of these activities, the Institute entered in touch with the Science for Peace and Security Programme. In this framework, we decided to share the experience of Lombardy Region on transportation of dangerous materials (half of their total transport in Italy): research and studies in civil area conducted in Lombardy Region are considered the most innovative in Europe for the results obtained. Comparison with diverse international experiences is a great opportunity of implementing present results and applying them to different applications (from civil to anti-terrorism) and extending them to countries other than Italy.
Humanity has been passing through stages of collective growth towards integration and unity. Our current collective crises--climate change, financial upheavals, proliferation of nuclear weapons, gross human rights atrocities, mismanagement of critical natural resources--manifest our passage through a turbulent adolescence. This book analyzes why and how humanity can take the next step towards maturity by establishing collective decision-making institutions that can evolve into a world federation of nation-states. Only then will we have a truly peaceful world.
Nanomaterials are being incorporated into products all around us, having an incredible impact on durability, strength, functionality, and other material properties. There are a vast number of nanomaterials presently available, and new formulations and chemistries are being announced daily. Nanomaterials: A Guide to Fabrication and Applications provides product developers, researchers, and materials scientists with a handy resource for understanding the range of options and materials currently available. Covering a variety of nanomaterials and their applications, this practical reference: * Discusses the scale of nanomaterials and nanomachines, focusing on integrated circuits (ICs) and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) * Offers insight into different nanomaterials' interactions with chemical reactions, biological processes, and the environment * Examines the mechanical properties of nanomaterials and potential treatments to enhance the nanomaterials' performance * Details recent accomplishments in the use of nanomaterials to create new forms of electronic devices * Explores the optical properties of certain nanomaterials and the nanomaterials' use in optimizing lasers and optical absorbers * Describes an energy storage application as well as how nanomaterials from waste products may be used to improve capacitors Featuring contributions from experts around the globe, Nanomaterials: A Guide to Fabrication and Applications serves as a springboard for the discovery of new applications of nanomaterials.
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